Clinical Internships: The Benefits of Mentoring a Student Therapist
Our country’s health care industry is dependent on an increasing workforce. Health sector employment is projected to grow from over 14 million jobs in 2010 to nearly 18.3 million jobs in 2020, an increase of 30%. This compares to only 13% growth for jobs in all other employment sectors. Students of allied health professions provide a critical source of new health care employees. A successful clinical internship program can expedite the learning process for students becoming professional practitioners..
The goal of a clinical internship program is to provide students with an excellent learning experience while leveraging the clinical focus and resources of a company. At Infinity Rehab, we strive to offer as many clinical internships as possible to students seeking opportunities to work with older adults.
Over the past three years, Infinity has placed over 300 students in clinical rotations across three rehab disciplines in seven states. This commitment requires a significant investment of time and resources to coordinate and provide the supervision of these students. Clinicians practicing in the field must commit extensive time and attention to give students a fulfilling experience during a clinical rotation. Being involved in a student intern program sounds like a great idea, but is it worth the energy?
“Will you take a student?”
What a loaded question. For many seasoned therapists, those words invoke a first reaction of stress, self-doubt and maybe even personal insecurity. For a few, excitement and intrigue may come to mind. Either way, it feels like added work. And added work is never good if it’s not worth the sacrifice.
Consider what the question implies:
- It is a one-way road. The question suggests a power imbalance. “I, Experienced Clinician, give to you, Young Novice, my knowledge. Now go be wise.”
- It is a burden. To some degree, there is an imposition on your day as a therapist.
- It is your duty. This is a commitment that you owe someone else. You were a student once – now it’s your turn.
The science of decision making says you are a more effective person when you can make a choice rather than be forced into a decision. A favorite practice of mine is to “reframe” a situation when I face a significant decision that lacks a clear benefit.
Reframing is a great tool and helps you be a stronger professional. The facts stay the same; it’s the view that changes. No person ever gets things exactly as they want. Successful people make the circumstances they are dealt work for them. We help our patients do this all day – “This hard work gets you back home” – but health care professionals are often unpracticed at reframing our own challenges.
In my last blog post, we discussed what it means to be a “professional” in today’s health care environment. If we reframe the idea of mentoring students, will a clearer view emerge?
Today’s professional is open, appealing, collaborative, and humble. It is an attractive worldview if you aspire to be a greater version of yourself. Mentoring students is a natural fit for professional growth.
The perspective of a professional: Mentoring a student is a win-win deal.
Students bring energy, new knowledge, and fresh perspective to the field – sometimes from their own university research experience. Time spent orienting and training students is not always a sunk cost either; reviewing the basics is often a needed refresher for a professional. And possibly most exciting, professional networks begin to expand quickly – among companies, universities and clinicians alike.
Infinity Rehab is committed to mentoring and teaching future professionals. Our business is stronger because of it, and our industry depends on it. Thank you, current professionals, for considering how students fit into your own professional growth. Our health care industry depends on you.
Derek Fenwick, PT, MBA, GCS is a physical therapist and board-certified geriatric clinical specialist. He develops leaders in healthcare as the Director of Professional Development at Infinity Rehab. Find him on LinkedIn and on Twitter @DerekFenwickPT.
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Childrenâ€™s Online Privacy Protection
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Avamere Family of Companies will under no circumstance knowingly reveal any member’s identity to marketers. It is solely at a Avamere Family of Companies. Member’s discretion if he or she chooses to provide personally identifiable information to a marketer by making a purchase, requesting additional information, or communicating directly with the company or organization after visiting its Web site or otherwise.
Limits of Confidentiality
As part of its day-to-day business activities, Avamere Family of Companies must disclose certain aggregate level information about Avamere Family of Companies. Members to certain third parties; principally, (1) Avamere Family of Companies’ Network Partners, and (2) Marketers who use Avamere Family of Companies’ network. Below is the information and circumstances under which Avamere Family of Companies may be required to disclose information to third parties.
(1) Network Partners: When a Avamere Family of Companies. Member registers through the Web site of a Network Partner, Avamere Family of Companies is obligated to disclose to that particular Network Partner the information submitted by the Avamere Family of Companies. Member during the registration process. In addition to the foregoing information, Avamere Family of Companies may also disclose aggregate level information to the Network Partner about Avamere Family of Companies. Members who registered through that particular Network Partner’s site. Such aggregate information may include, for example, the number of individuals who registered through the Network Partner’s site; the turnover rate of Avamere Family of Companies. Members who have registered through the Network Partner’s site; with respect to any particular campaign, the response rates of the Avamere Family of Companies. Members who registered through the Network Partner';s site; and statistics on the interest categories selected by the Avamere Family of Companies. Members who have registered through the Network Partner’s site. Subject to the exceptions discussed below, Avamere Family of Companies will not knowingly disclose any personally identifiable information about a Avamere Family of Companies. Member to a Network Partner unless such personally identifiable information was provided during the registration process through the Network Partner’s Web site.
(2) Marketers: Avamere Family of Companies will disclose aggregate level information about Avamere Family of Companies. Members to marketers as reasonably necessary to explain the services that Avamere Family of Companies can offer, to report on the advertising campaigns that Avamere Family of Companies undertakes for any particular marketer, and/or to implement and explain campaign strategies. Subject to the exceptions discussed below, Avamere Family of Companies will not knowingly disclose any personally identifiable information about a Avamere Family of Companies. Member to a marketer. Due to the existing legal, regulatory and security environment, Avamere Family of Companies may be required, under certain circumstances, to disclose aggregate level and/or personally identifiable information about its members. Avamere Family of Companies will use its best efforts to limit such disclosure to the following: where Avamere Family of Companies believes in good faith that it is required to do so in response to a subpoena or other legal process; where reasonably required to do so in order to maintain, update or otherwise implement Avamere Family of Companies’ data security measures, equipment, technical operations and the like; or where reasonably necessary to identify, contact or bring legal action against persons or entities to preserve and/or enforce Avamere Family of Companiesâ€™s rights.
Use of Information
Avamere Family of Companies uses member information to deliver the Avamere Family of Companies. services. Thus, member information is used by Avamere Family of Companies in identifying information that may be of interest to its members. A member’s email address will be used by Avamere Family of Companies to contact that member about member-selected interests. Avamere Family of Companies also uses member information to monitor, interpret, analyze and report campaign results. Avamere Family of Companies does not use member information for purposes unrelated to the services offered by Avamere Family of Companies.
Protection of Member Information
Avamere Family of Companies undertakes substantial efforts to protect the confidentiality of the identity, preferences and other information it has collected about individual members and will never knowingly allow access to this information to anyone outside Avamere Family of Companies other than to the member or as described above under the heading Limits of Confidentiality.
Avamere Family of Companies has made a substantial investment in its server, database, backup and firewall technologies to protect the information assets of the Avamere Family of Companies Network, including the confidentiality of information collected about Avamere Family of Companies. Members. These technologies are deployed as part of a sophisticated security architecture and protocol. You should also do your part in protecting your information. Your Avamere Family of Companies user name and password are confidential and we recommend that you not divulge them to anyone. Unfortunately, neither Avamere Family of Companies network nor data transmission over the Internet can be guaranteed to be 100% secure. As a result, while we strive to protect member information, Avamere Family of Companies cannot ensure or warrant the security of member information. Thus, any information a member transmits to us is done so at the memberâ€™s own risk. Once we receive member information, Avamere Family of Companies undertakes substantial efforts to protect the confidentiality of this information consistent with this Policy.
NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICE INFORMATION
Effective date: November 1, 2014
This notice describes how medical information about you can be used and disclosed, and how you can gain access to this information. Please review it carefully.
WHO WILL FOLLOW THIS NOTICE
THE AVAMERE AFFILIATED COVERED ENTITY
This Notice describes the privacy practices of the Avamere Family of Companies Affiliated Covered Entity, including skilled nursing facilities, nursing homes, home health, hospice, home care, in and out-patient therapy, nurse practitioner programs and other health care providers and business associates that the organizations operate, as well as any health care facility or provider organization now or in the future sharing common ownership. These independent organizations are part of the Avamere Affiliated Covered Entity (“Avamere ACE.”)
Each of the Avamere affiliates is a separate covered entity under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 and the regulations promulgated thereunder (collectively, “HIPAA”). A list of affiliated companies is available from this company.
Pursuant to 45 C.F.R. § 164.105(b), each of the Avamere affiliates hereby designates itself as a single covered entity for purposes of compliance with HIPAA and solely for purposes of compliance with the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rule. Each of the Avamere ACEs is an independent company and having accepted designation as an Avamere ACE does nothing to diminish that independent entity status. This affiliation does not apply to any other legal aspect of business operations or patient care.
The Avamere ACE is required under HIPAA to protect the privacy of your PHI, provide you with notice of our legal duties and privacy practices with respect to PHI and abide by the terms of the Notice currently in effect for the Avamere ACE. This Notice describes how the Avamere ACE may use and disclose your protected health information (“PHI”) and your rights to access and amend your PHI. This Notice does not cover the information practices of attending physicians or other providers not part of the Avamere ACE.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION AND PURPOSE OF THIS NOTICE
This notice describes our information privacy practices and that of:
- Any Avamere ACE health care professional authorized to enter information into your medical record created and/or maintained at our affiliated health care companies;
- Specific volunteers which we allow to help you while receiving services at our affiliated health care companies;
- All health care company workforce members including, but not limited to, employees, contractors, staff, health care students, interns, and other personnel; and
- Other entities under contract to assist in providing healthcare in a clinically integrated manner.
The above individuals and affiliated entities may share your protected health information with each other for purposes of treatment, payment, health care operations, or business associate operations, as further described in this notice.
AVAMERE ACE’S POLICY REGARDNG YOUR PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION
Certain state and federal laws and regulations require us to implement policies and procedures to safeguard the privacy of your protected health information. This notice will provide you with information regarding our privacy practices and applies to all of your protected health information created and/or maintained at our affiliated health care companies, including any information that we receive from other health care providers or facilities. The notice describes the ways in which we may use or disclose your protected health information and describes your rights and our obligations regarding any such uses or disclosures. We reserve the right to change the terms of this notice of privacy practices and to make new notice provisions effective for all protected health information we maintain. In the event of revision, new copies will be posted in the health care companies, on our website and available upon request.
HOW WE MAY USE AND DISCLOSE YOUR HEALTH INFORMATION
The following are the types of uses and disclosures we may make of your health information without your permission. Where state or federal law restricts one of the described uses or disclosures, we follow the requirements of such state or federal law. These are general descriptions only. They do not cover every example of disclosure within a category.
We may use and disclose your protected health information to healthcare professionals or other third parties to provide, coordinate and manage the delivery of your health care. For example, we may disclose PHI about you to your health care provider or to other health care personnel to coordinate your transfer to another level of care within or outside of our affiliates. Our Affiliates may also access and view your health information in our electronic medical record systems. We will also disclose your health information to your physician and other practitioners, providers and health care facilities that provide care for you at their sites, rather than at our sites, for their use in treating you in the future. For example, if you are transferred from one of our nursing facilities to home health at discharge, we will send health information about you to the home health agency.
We will use and disclose your health information for payment purposes. For example, we will use your health information to prepare your bill and we will send health information to your insurance company with your bill. We may also disclose health information about you to other health care providers, health plans and health care clearinghouses for their payment purposes. For example, if you are brought in by medical transport, the information collected may be given to the medical transport provider for its billing purposes. If state law requires, we will obtain your permission prior to disclosing to other providers or health insurance companies for payment purposes.
Health Care Operations
We may use or disclose your health information for our health care operations. For example, members of our workforce may review your health information to evaluate the treatment and services provided, and the performance of our staff in caring for you. In some cases, we will furnish other qualified parties with your health information for their health care operations. The medical transport company, for example, may also want information on your condition to help them know whether they have done an effective job of providing care. If state law requires, we will obtain your permission prior to disclosing your health information to other providers or health insurance companies for their health care operations.
We may contact you as a reminder that you have an appointment for treatment or medical services.
We may contact you to provide information about treatment alternatives or other health-related benefits and services that may be of interest to you.
While you are an inpatient at any Avamere ACE facility, your name, location in the facility, and religious affiliation may be included in a facility directory or its equivalent in our electronic medical record. This information may be provided to members of the clergy and, except for religious affiliation, to other people who ask for you by name. You have the right to request that your name not be included in the directory. We will not include your information in the facility directory if you object or if we are prohibited by state or federal law.
Family, Friends or Others
We may disclose your location or general condition to a family member, your personal representative or another person identified by you. If any of these individuals are involved in your care or payment for care, we may also disclose such health information as is directly relevant to their involvement. We will only release this information if you agree, are given the opportunity to object and do not, or if in our professional judgment, it would be in your best interest to allow the person to receive the information or act on your behalf. In addition, if you are unavailable, incapacitated or in an emergency situation, we may disclose limited information to these persons if we determine in our professional judgment that we believe it is in your best interest. We may also disclose your information to an entity assisting in disaster relief efforts so that your family or individual responsible for your care may be notified of your location and condition.
Some of the activities described above are performed through contracts with outside vendors called business associates. We will disclose your health information to our business associates and allow them to create, use and disclose your health information to perform their services for us. For example, we may disclose your health information to an outside billing company who assists us in billing insurance companies. We require business associates to appropriately safeguard the privacy of your information. Examples of business associates include medical records storage companies, computer software companies and accreditation agencies.
USES AND DISCLOSURES REQUIRING YOUR AUTHORIZATION
Uses and Disclosures Not Described Above
We may use or disclose your protected health information pursuant to your written authorization for purposes other than treatment, payment or health care operations. You have the right to revoke a written authorization at any time as long as your revocation is provided to us in writing. If you revoke your written authorization, we will no longer use or disclose your protected health information for the purposes identified in the authorization. Your revocation will not be effective for uses and disclosures made in reliance on your prior authorization.
Restrictions on disclosure of Protected Health Information (PHI) to a Health Plan
We will abide by your written request to restrict disclosure of protected health information for services for which you will pay out-of-pocket in full. If you would like to request this restriction, please provide a written request and make advance arrangements with the health care companies to self-pay for the services provided.
These are notes made by a mental health professional documenting conversations during private counseling sessions or in joint or group therapy. Many uses or disclosures of psychotherapy notes require your authorization.
We will not use or disclose your protected health information for marketing purposes without your authorization. Moreover, if we will receive any financial remuneration from a third party in connection with marketing, we will tell you that in the authorization form.
We will not sell your protected health information to third parties without your authorization. Any such authorization will state that we will receive remuneration in the transaction.
USES OR DISCLOSURES PERMITTED OR REQUIRED BY LAW
Certain state and federal laws and regulations either require or permit us to make certain uses or disclosures of your protected health information without your permission. These uses or disclosures are generally made to meet public health reporting obligations or to ensure the health and safety of the public at large. The uses or disclosures which we may make pursuant to these laws and regulations include the following:
Public Health Activities
We may use or disclose your protected health information to public health authorities that are authorized by law to receive and collect protected health information for the purpose of preventing or controlling disease, injury or disability.
Abuse, Neglect or Domestic Violence
We may notify the appropriate government authority if we believe an individual has been the victim of abuse, physical or financial, neglect, elder abuse, a crime, or domestic violence. Unless such disclosure is required by law (for example, to report a particular type of injury), we will only make this disclosure if you agree or in other limited circumstances when such disclosure is authorized by law.
Health Oversight Activities
We may disclose health information to a health oversight agency for activities authorized by law. These oversight activities include, for example, audits, investigations, inspections and licensure. These activities are necessary for the government to monitor the health care system, government programs and compliance with civil rights laws.
If you are involved in a lawsuit or a dispute, we may disclose health information about you in response to a court or administrative order. We may also disclose health information about you in response to a subpoena, discovery request or other lawful process by someone else involved in the dispute, but only if reasonable efforts have been made to notify you of the request or to obtain an order from the court protecting the information requested.
We may use or disclose your protected health information to worker’s compensation programs when your health condition arises out of a work-related illness or injury.
- We may release certain health information to law enforcement authorities for law enforcement purposes, such as:
- as required by law, including reporting certain wounds and physical injuries,
- in response to a court order, subpoena, warrant, summons or similar process,
- to identify or locate a suspect, fugitive, material witness or missing person
- about the victim of a crime if we obtain the individual’s agreement or, under certain limited circumstances, if we are unable to obtain the individual’s agreement,
- to alert authorities of a death we believe may be the result of criminal conduct,
- information we believe is evidence of criminal conduct occurring on our premises, or
- in emergency circumstances to report the suspicion of a crime against one of our patients including the location of the crime or the victim’s identity, or a description or location of the person who committed the crime.
We must comply with federal and state laws in making such disclosures for law enforcement purposes.
Following your death, we may disclose health information to a coroner or to a medical examiner as necessary for them to carry out their duties and to funeral directors as authorized by law. In addition, following your death, we may disclose health information to a personal representative (for example, the executor of your estate), and unless you have expressed a contrary preference, we may also release your health information to a family member or other person who acted as a personal representative or was involved in your care or payment for care before your death, if the health information is relevant to such person’s involvement in your care or payment for care. We are required to apply safeguards to protect your health information for 50 years following your death.
Coroners, Medical Examiners, or Funeral Directors
We may use or disclose your protected health information to a coroner or medical examiner for the purpose of identifying a deceased individual or to determine the cause of death. We also may use or disclose your protected health information to a funeral director for the purpose of carrying out his/her necessary activities.
Organ, Eye or Tissue Donation
We may release health information to organ, eye or tissue procurement, transplantation or banking organizations or entities as necessary to facilitate organ, eye or tissue donation and transplantation.
We may use or disclose your protected health information for research purposes under certain limited circumstances. For example, you may have chosen to participate in a research study with a non-affiliated covered entity.
Threats to Health or Safety
Under certain circumstances, we may use or disclose your health information to prevent a serious and imminent threat to health and safety if we, in good faith, believe the use or disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen the threat and the disclosure is to a person reasonably able to prevent or lessen the threat (including the target) or is necessary for law enforcement authorities to identify or apprehend an individual involved in a crime.
Specialized Government Functions
We may use and disclose your health information for national security and intelligence activities authorized by law or for protective services of the President. If you are a military member, we may disclose to military authorities under certain circumstances. If you are an inmate of a correctional institution or under the custody of a law enforcement official, we may disclose to the institution, its agents or a law enforcement official, health information necessary for your health and the health and safety of other individuals.
Incidental Uses and Disclosures
There are certain incidental uses or disclosures of your information that occur while we are providing service to you or conducting our business. For example, the clinician may need to use your name to identify family members that may be in a waiting area. Other individuals waiting in the same area may hear your name called. We will make reasonable efforts to limit these incidental uses and disclosures.
Access to Health Information
As a resident/patient/client, or their legal representative if the primary is incapacitated, you may inspect and receive a copy of much of the health information we maintain about you, with some exceptions. You may ask for an electronic copy of that portion of your records that is created and maintained electronically. We will provide the information to you in the form and format you requested, assuming it is readily producible. If we cannot readily produce the record in the form and format you request, we will produce it another readable electronic form to which we agree. Please note the portion of your records created and maintained on paper may be provided in that format at the discretion of the entity. We may charge a cost-based fee for producing copies. If you direct us to forward your health information to another person, we will do so, provided your signed, written direction clearly designates the recipient and location for delivery. We may charge a fee for the costs of copying, mailing, and other supplies or work associated with your request. We will respond to your requests to exercise any of the above rights on a timely basis in accordance with our policies and as required by law.
Request for Restrictions
You have the right to request a restriction or limitation on the health information we use or disclose about you for treatment, payment or health care operations or to persons involved in your care or payment for your care. We are not required to agree to your request, with one exception explained in the next paragraph, but we will let you know whether we have agreed to your request.
We are required to agree to your request that we not disclose certain health information to your health plan for payment or health care operations purposes if (1) you pay out-of-pocket in full for all expenses related to that service either at the time of service or within time-frames specified by our written policies and (2) the disclosure is not otherwise required by law. Such a restriction will only apply to records that relate solely to the service for which you have paid in full. If we later receive an authorization from you dated after the date of your requested restriction which authorizes us to disclose all of your records to your health plan, we will assume you have withdrawn your request for restriction.
Several different covered entities listed at the start of this Notice use this Notice, including the entities listed in Attachment A that are a single affiliated covered entity known as the Avamere Affiliated Covered Entity (or “Avamere ACE”). This Notice does not cover non Avamere ACE workforce members, such as your personal physician. You must make a separate request to each covered entity from whom you will receive services that are involved in your request for any type of restriction. Contact the Avamere ACE Privacy Officer at the contact information listed below if you have questions.
You may request that we amend certain health information that we keep in your records if you believe that it is incorrect or incomplete. We may require you to give a reason to support your request. We are not required to make all requested amendments, but will give each request careful consideration. If we deny your request, we will provide you with a written explanation of the reasons and your rights. We may deny your request for an amendment if it is not in writing or does not include a reason to support the request. In addition, we may deny your request if you ask us to amend information that:
- was not created by any Avamere ACE entity,
- is not part of the protected health information kept by or for our health care companies,
- is not part of the information which you would be permitted to inspect and copy, or
- is accurate and complete.
Accounting of Disclosures
You have the right to receive a list of certain disclosures of your health information made by us or our business associates. You must state a time period for your request, which may not be longer than six years. Your right to an accounting of disclosures does not include disclosures for treatment, payment or health care operations and certain other types of disclosures, for example, as part of a facility directory or disclosure in accordance with your authorization. Requests must be in writing. You may contact the Privacy Officer to obtain a form to request an accounting of disclosures.
You have the right to request that we communicate with you about your health information in a different way or at a different place. We will agree to your request if it is reasonable and specifies the alternate means or location to contact you.
Notice in the Case of Breach
You have the right to receive notice of an access, acquisition, use or disclosure of your health information that is not permitted by HIPAA, if such access, acquisition, use or disclosure compromises the security or privacy of your PHI (we refer to this as a breach). We will provide such notice to you without unreasonable delay but in no case later than 60 days after we discover the breach.
How to Exercise These Rights
All requests to exercise these rights must be in writing. We will follow company policies to handle requests and notify you of our decision or actions and your rights.
Contact the Privacy Officer at 503-570-3405 located at Avamere Health Services, LLC, 25117 SW Parkway, Wilsonville, Oregon 97070 for more information or to obtain request forms. To request a copy of your legal health record, please contact the medical records department of the treating affiliated entity to request a release form.
Complaints or Concerns
If you have concerns about any of our privacy practices or believe that your privacy rights have been violated, you may file a complaint with the Avamere ACE Privacy Officer using the contact information at the end of this Notice. You may also submit a written complaint to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. You will not be penalized or retaliated against for filing a complaint.
Avamere ACE Privacy Officer
25117 SW Parkway, Suite B
Wilsonville, OR 97070
Office of Civil Rights
Instructions located at:
Does the person you are concerned about currently live at home?
Does the person you are concerned about require supervision or continual assistance 24 hours a day?
Is the person you are concerned about able to move about by themselves or with the assistance of one person? (get up from chair, in and out of bed and so forth...)
Has the person you are concerned about been diagnosed with Dementia/Alzheimer's?
Does the person you are concerned about require supervision or continual assistance 24 hours a day?
Has the person you are concerned about suffered from an illness or injury that resulted in hospitalization recently?
Is the person you are concerned about in need of specialized nursing care or rehabilitation (physical or occupational therapy) on a daily basis for short term rehabilitation?
Does the person you are concerned about have any diagnosed skilled needs that would benefit from a regular nurse, physical therapist or occupational therapist to treat?
Is the person you are concerned about unable to leave the house regularly and easily?
Has the person you are concerned about recently had an illness or injury that resulted in hospitilization?
Is the person you are concerned about in need of specialized care, rehabilitation (physical/occupational therapy)?
Is the person you are concerned about in need of a change to a more supervised living situation?
Does the person you are concerned about need help with certain tasks such as dressing, bathing, taking medication, or preparing meals?
Is aggressive treatment no longer wanted or being considered?
Based on your answers, we recommend learning more about our services.
Please contact us or call 503-570-3665 to speak with one of our representatives.